कालिदासविरचितः कुमारसम्भवः – द्वितीयः सर्गः (आङ्ग्लभाषया)
Kumara-Sambhava of Kalidasa is one of the famed Pancha-Mahakavyas. It contains 17 sargas dealing with the birth and adolescence of the Parvati, her marriage to Shiva and the subsequent birth of their son Kumara (Kartikeya). In these pre-recorded videos, Smt. Visalakshi Sankaran explains the shlokas of the Second sarga of this poem in English, with insights from the commentary of Narayana Pandita.
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Mahakavi Kalidasa is one of the greatest figures in Samskrita literature. Each of his works is a masterpiece, overflowing with beauty and grace in every verse. Kalidasa is said to have composed 7 works –
Two Mahakavyas – Raghuvamsha and Kumarasambhava
Two Khandakavyas – Meghaduta and Rtusamhara
Three Naatakas – Malavikagnimitra, Vikramorvashiya and Abhijnana Shakuntala
Of these, the Kumara-Sambhava Mahakavya is a composition of 17 sargas. It starts with a glorious depiction of the Himalayas and Parvati, describes her efforts to attract Shiva’s attention, the popular episode of Kaama-dahana, Shiva testing Parvati’s devotion, the marriage of Shiva and Parvati, birth of Kumara (Kartikeya) and the killing of Taarakasura. It has Shringara as the main rasa, with veera and karunarasa being subordinate sentiments.
This course covers the second sarga of Kumara Sambhava, containing 64 verses. The verses describe the trouble given to Devas by the asura Taraka who had obtained boon from Brahma. The gods headed by Indra go to Brahma seeking help. Brahma advices that a son born out of Lord Shiva only can remedy the situation for which it was suggested that Uma should be taken as his wife. Indra invokes the mind-born Kama (Manmatha) who presents himself before Indra.
Each verse is explained in detail in English. Points from the commentary of Narayana Pandita is also explained as appropriate.
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